Sherlock Holmes Theatre

By Jim Davidson
Posted 10/30/2022



Basil Rathbone was not the first or only actor to play Sir Arthur Conan Doyle’s famous detective Sherlock Holmes, but to many fans of the 1940s, ‘50s, and ‘60s, he was the quintessential one.  As explained by Holmes afficionado Stephanie Bell, “Basil Rathbone closely matches Conan Doyle’s physical and emotional descriptions of Sherlock Holmes—dark, cerebral, analytical, brusque, and relentless…[his] regal features, resonant voice and elegant bearing made him perfectly suited to playing [the character].”

Along with his co-star Nigel Bruce (as Dr. Watson), Rathbone made two Holmes films for Twentieth Century-Fox in 1939, followed by an additional twelve for Universal (1942 to 1946).  Further cementing their association with the characters, Rathbone and Bruce also starred in a Sherlock Holmes radio series during the same period.  In fact, the association was so strong that Rathbone came to resent his typecasting.  He had, after all, been nominated for two Academy Awards in other roles and won a Tony Award.  But Rathbone’s Holmes films remained popular for years after their initial release.

Fast-forward to 1965, when independent station WGN-TV, channel 9 in Chicago, acquired the rights to air the 12 Universal films.  That in itself was unremarkable, considering that stations all over the country had been running the same Universal package for years.  WGN chose to group them into a weekly series called “Sherlock Holmes Theatre.”  Even that wasn’t unusual, as other stations had used the title before.  But what made this program singular (as Holmes would say) was that the Chicago station had managed to engage the services of Basil Rathbone himself to provide introductions, bridges, and closing remarks.

Since 12 episodes weren’t enough to fill out a season, WGN reached into its library, pulled out 12 of the Charlie Chan movies it already owned the rights to, and added them to the mix.  Of roughly the same vintage and genre, the Chans fit in well with the Holmes films.  That made a total of 24 episodes which, combined with a few pre-emptions and reruns, gave them almost seven months of material.

By 1965, Rathbone had aged, felt underappreciated, and was no longer receiving the prestigious roles he believed he deserved.  But in August of that year he flew into Chicago, and over the weekend of the 21st and 22nd, videotaped his “wraparounds” for Sherlock Holmes Theatre.  The segments were written for him by Michael Murphy, a longtime member of The Hounds of Baskerville, “Chicago’s original, senior, and most singular Sherlockian society.”  Columnist and author Vincent Starrett, a founder of the Hounds and mentor to Murphy, attended the taping and recalled the scene: “He wore one of those suits you would recognize from his films, the double-breasted pin stripe with wide lapels; it was like 1939 again when he walked into the set; and then 1895.  Outside the studio it was raining.  But in the dry warmth of the set Basil converted a casual commentary into a theatrical event.  He was happy to be performing, and even happier when the fan mail on that series told him he was remembered and revered.”

Sherlock Holmes Theatre premiered on Monday, September 13, 1965 from 8:00 to 9:30 pm and continued in the same time slot until April 4, 1966.  In the fall of 1967, a couple of months after Rathbone’s death on July 21, WGN brought the show back, rerunning several episodes of the series on Saturday nights when there were no sports games.  (One episode in this latter run, The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, was a Twentieth Century-Fox film not originally part of the Sherlock Holmes Theatre.)  TV listings for subsequent years and decades show a Sherlock Holmes Theatre running on stations all across the country.  But while those shows featured the same Rathbone movies, they lacked the actor’s unique WGN intros.


It's not believed that any of the Rathbone segments exist anymore.  It was common at the time for TV stations to erase and reuse their videotapes, due to the cost of the tapes and of storing them.  But many lucky Chicagoans (myself included) who got the chance to see Basil Rathbone host Sherlock Holmes Theatre remember the show fondly, even today.

“Rathbone sat in front of a fireplace and introduced kids like me to 12 of his Sherlock Holmes films and 12 of the Charlie Chan films,” recalls Ralph Schiller. “I was in mystery heaven.”

Don Mankowski notes, “I lived in Chicago then, and I remember that series, though I don't recall watching it all that often.  I do remember Rathbone saying, ‘Next week, our old friend Charlie Chan...’”

“I watched all those Sherlock Holmes (not so much Charlie Chan) movies back in the day, when I was a lad,” writes Lawrence Nepodahl. The music they used...was the title music from 1965's The Ipcress Files. The show started with a close-up of a fire on the hearth, then panned back to reveal Basil Rathbone standing beside it…Being so young, I never associated that man with the same man in the movies, because he wore black rimmed glasses and was now old.  Then one time, he took off his glasses and read, what I recall, was a poem.  I remember turning to my parents and saying, ‘Hey, that's the same guy playing Sherlock Holmes!’”

Ralph Schiller relates an incident involving a character Rathbone played in The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938): “WGN-TV had Basil Rathbone do a personal event at the studio where school children met him as he recited Shakespeare and talked about Mr. Holmes.  He signed autographed photos, and most of the kids were calling him Mr. Holmes.  One boy got the autographed photo and said, ‘Thank you, Sir Guy Of Gisbourne!’  Basil Rathbone suddenly looked up with a beaming smile and chuckled!”

"It was great TV! Alas, gone forever,” laments Allen Champion.


  • Lyon, Herb.  “Tower Ticker,” Chicago Tribune, Thursday, August 19, 1965
  • Lyon, Herb.  “Tower Ticker,” Chicago Tribune, Tuesday, August 24, 1965
  • Wolters, Larry. Detective Holmes to Get TV Revival,” Chicago Tribune, Thursday, August 26, 1965
  • Doran, Mike.  It’s About TV website, August 14, 2013, retrieved October 26, 2022
  • Bell, Stephanie.  “5 Reasons Sherlock Fans Should Watch The Basil Rathbone Films,” Sherlock’s Home website, May 20, 2016, retrieved October 27, 2022
  • Michael Murphy biography, Hounds of the Baskerville website, retrieved October 26, 2022
  • Starrett, Vincent. One More Time,” Chicago Tribune, Sunday, August 22, 1971
  • "Basil Rathbone," The Errol Flynn Blog, April 18, 2015, retrieved October 26, 2022
  • Sherlock Holmes and Charlie Chan on WGN-9 in the 1980's,” The Classic Horror Film Board, March 25, 2015, retrieved October 26, 2022
  • Chicago Tribune TV Listings, 1965-1967


  Day Date Time Episode # Title Detective  
  Mon 9/13/1965 8:00 PM 1 Terror By Night (1946) Sherlock Holmes  
  Mon 9/20/1965 8:00 PM 2 The Shanghai Cobra (1945) Charlie Chan  
  Mon 9/27/1965 8:00 PM 3 Sherlock Holmes and the Secret Weapon (1942) Sherlock Holmes  
  Mon 10/4/1965 8:00 PM 4 The House of Fear (1945) Sherlock Holmes  
  Mon 10/11/1965 8:00 PM 5 The Chinese Ring (1947) Charlie Chan  
  Mon 10/18/1965 8:00 PM 6 The Spider Woman (1943) Sherlock Holmes  
  Mon 10/25/1965 8:00 PM 7 The Pearl of Death (1944) Sherlock Holmes  
  Mon 11/1/1965 8:00 PM 8 The Jade Mask (1945) Charlie Chan  
  Mon 11/8/1965 8:00 PM 9 The Scarlet Claw (1944) Sherlock Holmes  
  Mon 11/15/1965 8:00 PM 10 Sherlock Holmes and the Voice of Terror (1942) Sherlock Holmes  
  Mon 11/22/1965 8:00 PM Pre-Empted by Basketball  
  Mon 11/29/1965 8:00 PM 11 The Red Dragon (1946) Charlie Chan  
  Mon 12/6/1965 8:00 PM 12 Pursuit to Algiers (1945) Sherlock Holmes  
  Mon 12/13/1965 8:00 PM 13 The Scarlet Clue (1945) Charlie Chan  
  Mon 12/20/1965 8:00 PM 4 The House of Fear (1945) Sherlock Holmes  
  Mon 12/27/1965 8:00 PM Pre-Empted by Basketball  
  Mon 1/3/1966 8:00 PM 14 Charlie Chan in London (1934) Charlie Chan  
  Mon 1/10/1966 8:00 PM 15 Dressed to Kill (1946) Sherlock Holmes  
  Mon 1/17/1966 8:00 PM 16 Charlie Chan at Treasure Island (1939) Charlie Chan  
  Mon 1/24/1966 8:00 PM 17 The Golden Eye (1948) Charlie Chan  
  Mon 1/31/1966 8:00 PM 3 Sherlock Holmes and the Secret Weapon (1942) Sherlock Holmes  
  Mon 2/7/1966 8:00 PM 18 The Chinese Cat (1944) Charlie Chan  
  Mon 2/14/1966 8:00 PM 19 Sherlock Holmes Faces Death (1943) Sherlock Holmes  
  Mon 2/21/1966 8:00 PM 20 Docks of New Orleans (1948) Charlie Chan  
  Mon 2/28/1966 8:00 PM 9 The Scarlet Claw (1944) Sherlock Holmes  
  Mon 3/7/1966 8:00 PM 21 Charlie Chan in the Secret Service (1944) Charlie Chan  
  Mon 3/14/1966 8:00 PM 22 The Woman in Green (1945) Sherlock Holmes  
  Mon 3/21/1966 8:00 PM 23 Shanghai Chest (1948) Charlie Chan  
  Mon 3/28/1966 8:00 PM 6 The Spider Woman (1943) Sherlock Holmes  
  Mon 4/4/1966 8:00 PM 24 Sherlock Holmes in Washington (1943) Sherlock Holmes  
  Sat 9/9/1967 7:00 PM 1 Terror By Night (1946) Sherlock Holmes  
  Sat 9/16/1967 7:00 PM Pre-Empted by Baseball  
  Sat 9/23/1967 7:00 PM 3 Sherlock Holmes and the Secret Weapon (1942) Sherlock Holmes  
  Sat 9/30/1967 7:00 PM 0 The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes (1939) Sherlock Holmes  
  Sat 10/7/1967 7:00 PM 4 The House of Fear (1945) Sherlock Holmes  
  Sat 10/14/1967 7:00 PM Pre-Empted by Hockey  
  Sat 10/21/1967 7:00 PM Pre-Empted by Hockey  
  Sat 10/28/1967 7:00 PM Pre-Empted by Hockey  
  Sat 11/4/1967 7:00 PM 6 The Spider Woman (1943) Sherlock Holmes  


By Jim Davidson

  Perry Mason, fictional champion lawyer created by author Erle Stanley Gardner and embodied by actor Raymond Burr, is an American cultural icon.  His exploits have been enjoyed by generations of fans through books, television, movies, radio, and other media.  Drawing on original interviews, correspondence, and production records, this is the first in-depth history of the character, providing a unique behind-the-scenes account of every stage in his development.  Included are detailed listings of every one of his cases, thoroughly indexed.  No Perry Mason fan – from the casual to the most avid – will want to be without this book.     

Copyright 2022 by Jim Davidson. All Rights Reserved.